On March 14, 1963, two students, one from Allen University andthe other from Benedict College, walked into the Eckerd's Luncheonetteon Columbia'sMain Street and sat down at the counter.
The students, Talmadge Neal and Simon Bouie, requested food service, were denied, and police were called to remove them from the premises. Both were arrested for trespassing.
The following day, five students from Benedict College walked into the Taylor Street Pharmacy and sat at the counter. They also requested service, were denied,andthen arrested for trespassing.
The sit-ins andarrests led to two U.S. Supreme Court cases that cleared the way for desegregation of public facilities. Now, 53 years later, SC63 has erected two new historical markers in downtown Columbia in honor of those student leaders, who during the civil rights movement dared to believe Columbia could be different.
Two ceremonies were held on Oct. 12to publicize the new markers — the firston Main Street and the second on Taylor Street.
The first ceremony honored Bouie and Neal. Bouie, who still calls Columbia home, was present at the ceremony, along with the brother of the late Talmadge Neal. Their arrest in 1963 led to the Supreme Court case, Bouie v. City of Columbia, in which the Supreme Court stated that they believed the state of South Carolina interpreted the trespassing laws incorrectly and wrongly arrested Bouie and Neal.
The high court court reversed the convictions originally placed by South Carolina, and now a marker stands at 1530 Main Street to remember the sacrifice Neal and Bouie made in 1963.
The second ceremony, held where the Taylor Street Pharmacy used to stand at 1520 Taylor Street, honored the five students from Benedict College.Their arrest led to another major Supreme Court decision in Barr v. Columbia in which the Supreme Court reversed the breach of peace conviction decision by the state.
Bobby Donaldson, director of SC63 and a professor at the University of South Carolina, says that the organization will continue to conduct research and uncover the hidden civil rights history of Columbia, with the hopes of educating the community on the important events that took place “right outside their door.”
SC63 is an organization based in Columbia that focuses on recognizing the historical happenings of the civil rights movement in Columbia.Founded in 2012 under the direction of Mayor Steve Benjamin, SC63 has been researching, identifying and highlighting men and women who participated in the civil rights movement.
The South Carolina Historical Marker Program was authorized by an act of the South Carolina General Assembly in 1905. Since then, the state of South Carolina has been commissioning historical markers to mark monumental events, places or people who took part in South Carolina's history.